Religion often plays a crucial role in impacting the choices of birth control use in many individuals. The understanding of contraception has been known since the ancient times. Early Islamic writings, old Jewish sources, and holy Hindu sacred texts, all talk about the herbal contraceptives which might cause brief sterility. Religious perspectives on family planning differ broadly, and the religions that appear to be the most restricted to birth control have customs that permit the utilization of contraceptives. Different religions perceive the subject of procreation and birth control differently. Many religions embrace family as an ethical good, a sensible choice, and a fundamental human right. The world’s religions perceive that family planning aids in building solid families, securing the wellbeing of women and youngsters, minimizing child and spousal cruelty, and averting unintended pregnancies. Here is a look at different religions and their perspectives on birth control.
Hinduism supports procreation within marriage; however, it does not oppose the use of birth control. Many Hindus acknowledge that there is an obligation to have a family amid that adulthood phase of one’s life. Therefore, they are probably not going to utilize family planning to stop having kids. Customary Hindu writings commend expansive families, which was typical in old times. However, Hindu sacred texts that praise little families likewise exist which stress the advancement of a constructive social conscience. So birth control is viewed as a moral good. The Upanishads writings outlining key Hindu ideas, explain family planning strategies, and some Hindu sacred texts contain counsel on what a couple ought to do to enhance procreation, therefore, offering a kind of contraceptive guidance.
Contraception perspectives differ broadly among Hindu researchers. Even though Gandhi supported abstinence as a type of family planning; Radhakrishnan, a key Indian philosopher, and Tagore, the most creative author in modern Indian writing, supported the utilization of non-natural contraceptive techniques. Contentions for family planning are drawn from the ethical lessons of Hinduism. According to Hinduism today, fertility is essential, giving birth to a larger number of kids who cannot be sustained is seen as abusing the Ahimsa, peaceful rule of conduct.
There is a wide variation on family planning when it comes to the Islamicfaith. Since contraception is not explicitly forbidden in the Qur’an, numerous Muslim researchers endorse the use of birth control. However, other scholars think that it is prohibited as the Qur’an contains the command to multiply and have many children. These researchers contend that only God can choose the number of kids that one can have. Early Sunni Muslim writing talks about different contraceptive techniques and shows that the act of azl (withdrawal) is ethically acceptable as it was applied by the prophet Mohammed. Sunni tenet for contraception recommends that any family planning that does not cause sterility is ethically the same as azl and is thus acknowledged. These are the beliefs in Islam that is held even today.
In spite of the varying perspectives, Islam stresses that procreation in the family is a religious obligation, so there is a consistent dismissal of sterilization and abortion. Most Islamic conventions will allow the utilization of family planning where maternal wellbeing is a problem or where the prosperity of the family might be affected. The Islamic faith values human life, so having the capacity to space out births permits a mother plentiful time to nurture each youngster. In Shia Islamic nations, young married couples and teens are taught about family planning. Muslims likewise trust that contraception protects the attractive quality of the spouse, in this way increasing the pleasure in the marriage. The Islamic faith permits a wide scope of Quran translations; therefore the views on birth control might differ, however, as stated, it is highly recommended.
Family planning perspectives differ among the Universal, Traditionalist, and Reform divisions of Judaism. The Torah advocates for productive childbirth; Conventional rabbis trust that being productive and procreating is a male obligation; however, numerous rabbis permit contraception in situations where pregnancy would hurt the female. The book of Genesis makes a reference while amid intercourse, Onan “spilled his seed on the ground” (withdrawal), and it was wrong in the eyes of God. Judaism utilizes this text to decide on acknowledged birth control techniques. Since the conception prevention pill does not bring about sterility and does not stop semen from going its typical course, it and different types of hormonal contraception are favored over barrier strategies like IUD, to keep the “spilling of seed.” Jewish law regards children as a blessing, as such; a man might not use contraception before he fathers a child. Traditionalist and Reform Jews feel that the advantages of contraception; female wellbeing, family solidness, or illness prevention, maintains the commandment to “pick life” more firmly than if they disregard the commandment to “be productive and increase,”, i.e., life ought to be valued more than procreation.
Christian thoughts regarding birth control originate from church teachings instead of Bible, as the Book of Scriptures says little in regards to the matter. Accordingly, their teachings on family planning are based on various Christian translations of the importance of marriage, sex as well as the family. Christian acknowledgment of family planning is generally new; all churches objected to non-natural birth family planning until the twentieth century. In current times, distinctive Christian houses of worship hold diverse perspectives about the suitability and wrongness of utilizing contraceptives. The Bible commands the Christians to go and multiply, however, it also talks about sex being a gift from God to be enjoyed by married couples.
Resistance to family planning is increasing among the evangelical Protestants as they rely greatly on the Catholic teachings. The issue of birth control is still contentious. Some are against any type of birth control whereas others only permit natural birth control and oppose other artificial methods. Other groups allow types of family planning that stop conception but prohibits those which stops the fertilized egg from implantation. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America argues that a child born should be planned and desired by the couples. Southern Baptists being the country’s biggest Protestant denomination, support the utilization of some forms of birth control by those who are married. Its denomination principles help to guarantee that the church can employ biblical truth in ethical, public policy as well as religious matters.
This establishes a biblical model as a structure in which the Christians assess the ethical or religious matters affecting the family in the present times. The church thinks that the utilization of family planning to regulate the number of kids and space them out in a moral decision dependent on the couple, however, they insist on methods that prevent conception. The United Methodists being the second biggest Protestant denomination teach that each couple has to power to decide on what they want according to their state. The United Methodist’s Resolution on Responsible Parenthood states a child conceived ought to be planned and is coming to a world where he will be able to achieve their full potential.
Catholic Church prohibits premarital sex, therefore its teachings on birth control in the perspective of a married couple. Catholic Church is the only denomination that prohibits the use of artificial contraception. It argues that sex ought to be unitive and procreative; therefore all artificial family planning methods are morally wrong, and they make birth control sinful ass they hampers the procreative element of sex. Natural family planning such as abstinence is only family planning method allowed, which means just engaging in sexual relations amid the infertile time of a female’s monthly cycle.
The Catechism of the Catholic Church asserts that sex possesses 2 purposes, for the good of spouses i.e. enjoyment and procreation.Nonetheless, surveys show that over 90% of Catholic women use family planning methods disapproved by the church, this has brought a significant breach amongst people and the church foundation. The problem is this Catholic prohibition lie in the fact that it is sinful and gets in the way of God’s intended purpose of sex. Many catholic women violate this teaching as it hinders the enjoyment of marriage, affect the well-being of the women, and increases the risk of unwanted pregnancies. Catholic prohibition of contraception has been heavily criticized.
The majority of Humanists have no moral opposition to contraception. They contend that if contraception brings about each kid being a wanted youngster, and, enhances the lives of women; it must be something worth being thankful for. They argue that because humankind conflicts with the natural order of the universe constantly, what is important is whether the outcomes of that obstruction are great or devastating. The majority of Humanists evaluate the rights, and wrongs of family planning by looking into the outcomes of contraception, and state that where contraception results in great outcomes, it is morally appropriate to utilize it.
Humanists do not believe that it is ideal for contraception to be utilized to allow promiscuous behavior, they believe that individuals ought to take a sensible approach to their sexual conduct. Promiscuous conduct causes terrible results, and it violates moral rules. Humanists have had significant influence in the advancement of contraception in current times. John Stuart Process (1806-1873) supported family planning just like other modern Humanists, for example, Jeremy Bentham and Francis Place. Sikhism permits the use of contraceptives. Sikhs have no opposition to family planning. Regardless of whether Sikhs utilize family planning, and the type of contraception utilized is dependent on the couples’ preferences.
Buddhist thoughts on contraception depend on the possibility that it is not right to kill for any reason. The most well-known Buddhist view on family planning is that it is allowed if it stops conception, but, that contraceptives that function by stopping the growth of a fertilized egg are not right and ought not to be utilized. Buddhists argue that life starts when the egg is fertilized. That is the reason some family planning techniques, for example, which functions by destroying the fertilized egg and stopping implantation are unsuitable.Buddhism does not put so much emphasis on family, and thus, does not view having kids as a religious obligation. Religion indeed has a key influence on contraception.
Pharmacological birth control also known as hormonal birth control is a form of family planning which act on the endocrine system. They are of two forms: Combined form which has estrogen and progestin and progestin-only forms. The combined methods function by repressing ovulation and solidifying the mucus in the cervix. Progestin-only forms, on the other hand, minimize the sequence of ovulation. These contraceptives may be taken by mouth, inserted into the body tissue, infused into the skin, placed in the form of a patch in the skin or place in the vagina. Examples are pills, Contraceptive patch: Ortho-Evra. Depo-vera injection, Contraceptive implants, vaginal ring: NuvaRing among others.
The issues that the Catholic Church has over the use of birth control are that it is prohibited in the Bible. The issue they have is that family control may be used to promote promiscuous behavior. They often recommend the use of natural planning methods. The issue, however, is that it is very difficult to utilize this method. There is a huge room for error. In some women, it is very difficult to track their biological markers, and this method might not be good for them. Some of them have irregular monthly periods, so natural family planning is likely to fail. Furthermore, some are in abusive marriages where they have no power to say no to sexual relations. Their spouses might force them. It is not possible to tell their partners to abstain during their unsafe days. Additionally, it might create room for infidelities. Other religions such as Hinduism, Christianity, Protestants or Islam do not have many issues with the use of contraception as long as it is utilized in the context of marriage.